High temperatures and excesses in summer can affect our cardiovascular health. For this reason, it is important to take precautions, especially those people who have higher risk factors.
In the hottest times the circulatory system can be affected, since due to sweat the body loses more fluids than usual. Also, vasodilation can occur in the arterial system, which can lead to slower circulation.
The main causes of mortality during heat waves are related to cardiovascular diseases. In addition, during the summer months, the chances of dehydration increase, which increases cardiovascular risk in people who are more prone to circulatory problems.
Claves para proteger nuestro corazón en verano
So that you and yours can enjoy the summer without worries, here are some guidelines and recommendations to prevent the effects of high temperatures on cardiovascular health.
- Drink water quite frequently, even if we do not feel thirsty, to prevent dehydration (minimum 2 liters a day).
- Do not abuse alcoholic beverages, with a lot of caffeine or with a lot of sugar, as they promote dehydration. In addition, excessive alcohol consumption can cause heart rhythm disturbances and acceleration, known as ‘holiday heart syndrome’.
- Avoid large meals and opt for lighter recipes that help to replace mineral salts lost with sweat. Gazpacho, seasonal fruit and salads are dishes that cannot be missed.
- Avoid going outside in the hottest hours and always protect yourself from the sun. Remember that it is important to always wear sunscreen to avoid burns, sunstrokes, sun spots or more serious injuries.
- Stay for as long as possible in cool places or in the shade.
- Do not make too much effort or sports activities outdoors in the hottest hours.
- Wear light, breathable and light-colored clothing, always suitable for the weather and the level of the activity to be carried out.
- Wear a cap that preferably covers the ears to protect ourselves from the sun.
- Avoid sudden temperature changes.
Remember that some people are more vulnerable to high temperatures and are more prone to dehydration. Children under 5 years of age, the elderly, the chronically ill and patients with cardiovascular problems are the main risk groups.
In an emergency, be it heat stroke or dehydration, it is essential to ask for help, go to the doctor or call the emergency number 112 directly.