Support Vital Basic SVB

The BLS Basic Life Support Quick Guide

Basic life support BLS CPR resuscitation maneuvers

Support Vital Basic (SVB)


El Basic Vital Support It is a set of maneuvers that make it possible to identify if a person is experiencing cardiorespiratory arrest and to apply a temporary substitution of respiratory functions during these maneuvers so that the victim can receive medical attention.

L'SVB is recommended to start with the most effective means, since every minute that passes by the victim has more possibilities of causing neurological consequences that increase the risk of death. The main objective of Basic Vital Support is to restore the basic vital functions necessary to oxygenate the tissues.

The importance of basic vital support

Most of the population recognizes that they do not have the knowledge to be able to apply a BLS correctly. It is a very common error in most societies because a combination of these maneuvers allows more peace of mind to be given to the person who is suffering from cardiorespiratory arrest.

Controlling the nerves in front of a situation here is the key to correctly completing the SVB as this is not complex when it comes to executing it. As a counterpart, there is a decisive action between the visa and the death of a person.

How to apply a Basic Vital Support maneuver? 

1. Guarantee security

We will lay the victim down so that he does not make any movements, such as the transit of vehicles, runes, electrical cables, falling objects, etc. We will secure the area, if it is on a road or if it is on a public road, we will try to give space to the perimeter where the victim is in danger.

2. We will activate the emergency system

We will clearly explain the problem and the situation in which we see the enclosures. If you are accompanied, we will ask you to call 112 and send us to look for an AED. If we are alone, call 112 (if only the victim dies). We will activate the mobile phone's lights to facilitate communication with the 112 operator.

This is one of the first steps to follow so that while going to the professional doctors we can apply the mechanisms of Basic Vital Support to maintain both lives.

3. Check if the victim responds

If we consider that it is CONSCIOUS and breathing, we will follow the following steps:

  • Deixarem the victim in the position that he found.
  • We will assess any injuries or medical problems you may have.
  • If so, we will activate the emergency medical system calling 112.
  • We will reassess the victim regularly.

If we consider that it is UNCONSCIOUS, we will follow the following steps:

  • Col·locarem the victim panxa enlaire.
  • We will open the airway by carrying out the front-mentó manoeuvre, again at the front and the next index and next step at the same time.

4. Check if you breathe normally

Maintain the forward maneuver and look at the victim's head, placing the arm in the mouth and observing whether the victim breathes normally for a maximum of 10 seconds.

  • If you breathe normally Place the victim in the safe side position (PLS) and then activate the emergency medical system calling 112. Until the ambulance arrives, we will continue to check that the victim is breathing.
  • If you do not breathe normally or do not breathe We will consider abnormal or agonizing breathing when the victim collapses without displacement of the thorax. It will be understood that the victim is not breathing. We will place the victim on a dry surface (example: the ground) and from a panxa enlaire.

5. Start chest compressions

Every victim who suffers a cardiorespiratory arrest needs the blood to flow through the vital organs, so we can perform some compressions at the end of the pit.

After 30 compressions there are 2 insufflations. Immediately afterwards, we will perform 30 compressions, following the 30:2 sequence. If more than one resuscitator is used, it will be performed every 2 minutes, avoiding interruption of compressions between resuscitations.

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