Recommendations during heat waves

Heat wave recommendations

Recommendations during heat waves

 

High temperatures and excessive summer temperatures can affect our cardiovascular health. For this reason, it is important to take precautions, especially for those people who present more risk factors.

During warmer periods the circulatory system is potentially affected, since due to the heat the body loses more fluids than usual. Furthermore, it can produce vasodilation to the arterial system, which can cause slower circulation.

The main causes of mortality during heat waves are related to both cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, during the summer months, the chances of dehydration increase, which increases the cardiovascular risk in people who are more prone to circulatory problems.

Protect your cardiovascular health this summer

 Claus to protect our heart in the summer

Because you and yourselves should be aware of the summer without concerns, below we have given some guidelines and recommendations to prevent the effects of high temperatures on cardiovascular health.

  • Be sure to drink water frequently, so that there is no feeling of dryness, to prevent dehydration (minimum 2 liters per day).
  • Do not abuse alcoholic beverages, either a lot of caffeine or a lot of sugar, as they promote dehydration. Furthermore, excessive alcohol consumption can produce disorders and accelerated heart rate, which is related to 'vacation heart syndrome'.
  • Avoid copious meals and opt for lighter recipes that help the mineral salts rest and harm the patient. Gaspatxo, seasonal fruit and amanides are dishes that cannot be missed.
  • Avoid running during the hottest hours and always protect yourself from the sun. Remember that it is important to always wear sun protection to avoid creams, sunstrokes, sun rays or more serious injuries.
  • Romandre during the best possible temperatures in cool mountains or in the shade.
  • Do not exert much effort or sports activities in the cold air during the hottest hours.
  • Use light, breathable and light-colored clothes, always suitable for the climate and level of activity that is easy.
  • Wear a cap that preferably has copper edges to protect ourselves from the sun.
  • Avoid sudden changes in temperature.

Remember that some people are more vulnerable to high temperatures and are more prone to dehydration. Children under 5 years of age, older people, chronic illnesses and patients with cardiovascular problems are the main risk groups.

In the event of an emergency, following a bout of heat or dehydration, it is essential to seek help, go to the hospital or call the emergency telephone number 112.