Characteristics and types of defibrillators in Spain

All the types of defibrillators that exist and the various applications

Type of defibrillator

What types of defibrillators have you had?


hi ha diverse types of defibrillators, and all of them have in common that they are devices capable of restoring the normal heart rhythm of a person who has suffered a severe cardiac arrest or a harmful arrhythmia.

Within a generic classification it is possible to distinguish two categories of defibrillators.

  • Els external defibrillators They are those that can be installed in any public or private area because they can be used due to possible cardiorespiratory stress. Regarding external defibrillators, there are 3 types of defibrillators, automatic, semi-automatic and manual.
  • Els internal defibrillatorsThese are subcutaneously implantable defibrillators using surgery, which introduce the electrodes directly into the heart chamber in patients with arrhythmias or other cardiac pathologies.


Types of external and internal defibrillators


Currently there are 5 types of defibrillators grouped into two categories previously mentioned, pointing out that the external defibrillators are designed to be used by people without/with knowledge in first aid, and the manual defibrillators and the internal implantable ones, which are named They are for health personnel in hospitals or medical ambulances.

The types of defibrillators are:

  1. Automatic external defibrillators AED (cardioprotection)
  2. Semi-automatic external defibrillators DESA (cardioprotection)
  3. Armilla external defibrillators (cardioprotection)
  4. Implantable automatic internal defibrillators ICD (single chamber defibrillator)
  5. Manual external defibrillators (hospital defibrillator)

Automatic external defibrillators (AED)


Els automatic external defibrillators (AED) They are the equipment installed in cardioprotect countries, they have the function of applying shocks automatically without intervention on the part of the rescuer, except for the placement of the electrical devices and the chest compressions.

The AED defibrillator is capable of analyzing the rhythm of the heart and providing a shock only if necessary. These automatic equipment have clear indications that are step by step, helping rescuers with experience in CPR resuscitation techniques.


type of automatic external defibrillator AED


Automatic external defibrillators (AED) are intelligent electromedical equipment, which provide visual signals and visual indications to provide instructions to the rescuer during a cardiorespiratory arrest.

The AED defibrillator is capable of administering the shocks necessary to restore the heart rate, keeping in mind the importance of correctly perform CPR chest compressions.

These AED devices can be operated in cardioprotected countries just like the AED defibrillators, with the only difference between them being the initial release button or the defibrillator applying the defibrillator release without the intervention of the rescuer. .

Semi-automatic external defibrillators (DESA)


Els semi-automatic external defibrillators DESA They are electromedical devices capable of reversing cardiac arrest just like AED defibrillators, these defibrillators are for public and private use.

It consists of semi-automatic devices that warn at the moment of the shock and indicate to the rescuer that they must separate themselves from the patient and press the shock button that will activate the defibrillation.

Semi-automatic external defibrillators are devices that require little training on the part of the user, since the device indicates the steps to follow, so Neosalus always recommends training prior to CPR in order to effectively deal with a medical emergency situation due to cardiopulmonary arrest.

These electromedical teams incorporate the help of health personnel specializing in medical emergencies through an automatic dialing device to the 112 telephone. DESA defibrillators for countries cardioprotegits They are the most common to find public buildings such as shopping centers, airports, companies, houses, communities, transport, theaters, hotels, campsites, schools, colleges, etc.


semi-automatic external defibrillators DESA


External defibrillators per country require cardioprotects in some autonomous communities, consult the regulations on defibrillators of the teva autonomous community.


Portable external armilla defibrillators


Armilla defibrillators are external cardioprotection equipment, which do not require human action to administer an electrical shock to the heart, these portable defibrillator equipment are automatic and personal.

These external defibrillators use the electrical devices attached to the person's body, monitor the heart rate, and if necessary provide an electrical shock, these defibrillators are suitable for use in people around the world. risk of suffering a severe heart attack.


Manual hospital defibrillators


Els defibrillators external manuals They have an indication for qualified health personnel that their six functions are more complex. According to European regulations, trained health personnel can only be used.


manual external defibrillators


Manual hospital defibrillators are also used in heart operations, they have pallets for quick and easy placement in open heart. The electrical discharge is carried out manually directly to the core.

Implantable internal defibrillators


Els implantable internal defibrillators They are devices installed subcutaneously, with electrical devices installed inside the heart chamber through which they perform direct electrical discharge with which to aturate or reverse the chaotic rhythm of the heart at the precise moment in which it is produced. an arrhythmia or cardiac arrest. This type of defibrillator is indicated for treating rhythms generally called ventricular rhythms.

Internal defibrillators monitor cardiac rhythm abnormalities and act automatically by applying a strong and sudden electrical shock that maintains sufficient energy so that the arrhythmia subsides and the heart recovers its normal rhythm.


ICD automatic internal defibrillator


A surgical operation is required to subcutaneously implant these internal cardioprotection equipment, these defibrillators are implanted by cardiology specialists.


Types of defibrillator per type of electrical shock


Among the different types of defibrillators that we can test, there is also a classification based on the type of electrical discharge, that is, according to the power or current with which the electric shock is applied.

In this category of defibrillators for their electrical shock capacity, we only compare two types of defibrillator, the single-phase and the biphasic equipment.

Type of monophasic defibrillator


Els monophasic defibrillators It is a characteristic because it only comprises a directional electrical current that is carried out in a single direction. These single-phase defibrillators can apply electrical discharges of 200, 300 and 360 joules.

Type of biphasic defibrillator


Els biphasic defibrillators They have a more advanced system, which requires up to 40% less energy to defibrillate and consequently produces less damage.

These apply a two-way current, as they are capable of changing polarity during the xoc. The biphasic defibrillators are capable of administering three xocs of 150 joules. They are the most effective equipment in the energy department, and can apply a higher discharge rate.

La cardioprotection It can be personal or collective, it can be carried both internally and externally. Uns per fer front a la mort sobtada and altres per treat cardiac arrhythmies and pathologies. Here you will find all the types of defibrillators that exist and what their various characteristics are.

From the Neosalus May you also be able to save vines with the appropriate equipment, so visit our section of all defibrillators externs DEA DESAIf you require more information you can contact us by WhatsApp or call 900 52 56 78.