What are cardiovascular problems?

What are cardiovascular problems?

What are cardiovascular problems?


Els cardiovascular problems They are a broad term that encompasses the problems related to the heart. The main consequence derives from the accumulation of fat and cholesterol that accumulates in the walls of the blood vessels that are affected. license plate.

This obstruction of the arteries generates a reduction in the amount of blood that the body has, which forces the heart to work harder. In most cases, these cardiovascular problems are present without obvious pain or symptoms, so they cannot be treated.

The consequence can lead to more serious general problems such as a heart attack, a stroke or even irreversible damage to the kidneys.

Els cardiovascular problems They are one of the main causes of death. It is estimated that approximately 30% of the deaths recorded in 2012 will be a result of these problems, especially coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents.


Types of cardiovascular problems


There are multiple types of cardiovascular problems, below we offer a list of the main conditions so that the description and symptoms are consistent.

Coronary cardiopathy

La Coronary cardiopathy It is one of the most common cardiovascular problems. This cardiac malpathy happens when plaque accumulates in the arteries that lead to the heart. As arteries become smaller, the amount of blood and oxygen in the heart decreases, this obstruction can cause a heart attack.

Heart failure

La heart failure It is caused when the myocardium becomes rigid or weak and, as a consequence, cannot pump enough blood with oxygen, which affects the entire body in general.

This cardiovascular problem can occur directly or directly from the heart, meaning that both sides are affected simultaneously. High blood pressure is one of the main causes of heart failure.


Els arhythmies It is generated as a result of a dysfunction in the heart rate or cardiac rhythm, and may be caused when the electrical system of the heart does not function correctly and the heart may cause palpitations either rapidly or slowly, in an irregular manner.

Malalties of the heart valves

Els heart valve disorders occur when these valves do not work correctly. The blood circulating through these ducts may escape through the valve in the wrong direction or may not be open and block the flow of blood.

The most common symptom of this cardiovascular problem is feeling an unusual heartbeat, related to heart failure. The detection is simple, since this produces a xiulant or grinyolant soroll that is escorted during the heart attacks. This pain is caused by an uneven blood flow that is caused by the heart valves.

arterial hypertension

La hypertension It is a conecut malaltia that causes a disorder in which the blood vessels present high blood pressure. This means that every time the heart generates a flow, it pumps blood to all parts of the body, and the difference is that the higher the blood pressure is, the greater the effort that the heart must make to pump the blood.

The majority of people with high blood pressure do not present any symptoms, or on the other hand, they may manifest both high blood pressure, difficulty breathing, a feeling of dizziness and/or chest pain.

Hypertension is the most important preventable cause of cardiovascular diseases, since the greater this tension, the greater the risk of damaging organs such as the heart, kidneys or cervell.

Cerebrovascular accidents

Els strokes It is produced by the flow of blood that flows to a part of the cervell s'atura. This lapse of temperatures lasts a few seconds, but unfortunately, the cervell cannot fill the nutrients or oxygen necessary for correct functioning. It is produced when a blood drop from the cervell is trenca causing a sagnat dins of the cap.

People who have a major risc These types of accidents include those who have heart disease, people who have a lifestyle that includes unhealthy habits such as tobacco use or excess alcohol, those who require contraceptive pills, or those who require hormonal replacement therapy. .

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