Cardiorespiratory arrest, do you know how to act?

What is the cause of cardiopulmonary arrest?

Cardiorespiratory arrest: would you know how to act in an emergency?


A cardiorespiratory arrest (CRP) is the sudden interruption of lung respiration and blood circulation. Això also meant the cessation of the contribution of oxygen to the different vital organs, including the cervell, causing the death of the cells.

In these situations, acting quickly is of vital importance because each minute that passes reduces the victim's chances of survival by 10%.

Currently, more than 30.000 people die in Spain due to deaths and cardiorespiratory arrests, and only 20.000 resuscitation attempts are recorded.

This figure could be reduced by requiring cardioprotection in more countries, installing more semi-automatic defibrillators (AED) in public areas or countries with a large influx of people, and teaching the population how to act in emergency situations.

Here are some of the clauses on how to recognize cardiorespiratory arrest and how to act in these situations.

How to recognize cardiorespiratory arrest?

The first step to be able to act in an emergency is to know how to recognize if the victim is in cardiorespiratory arrest. There are some symptoms that will indicate that it is a PCR:

  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Abnormal breathing or absence of breathing.
  • Absence of pols.

Normally, if it is not handled by professionals or trained personnel, it is difficult to verify the absence of police. Therefore, the most recommendable is to verify if the victim is breathing and responding to stimuli. This will allow you to know whether to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

How to act in case of cardiorespiratory arrest?

If the victim responds and breathes, we will notify emergencies and will only be responsible for monitoring the victim until the arrival of the health services. In case the victim did not respond or breathe, we will call emergencies and continue to finish the resuscitation maneuvers.

Start cardiac massage

No qualsevol person pot fer-ne a cardiopulmonary resuscitation or cardiac massage. It is important that in emergency situations these maneuvers are performed correctly, so the person must be trained and familiar with resuscitation techniques.

To start the cardiac massage we will place the two hands on the center of the victim's chest. It is important that the arms are straight and at a right angle to the victim's chest. A cop should adopt the correct position, perform compressions between 4 and 5 cm, and a frequency of 100 times per minute. It is important that the compressions follow constant, rhythmic and regular patterns.

Use a defibrillator

The next step is use the defibrillator more appropriate for restoring the victim's heart rate. Semi-automatic defibrillators (AED) are designed so that they can be manipulated and, since they require specific training for their use, they are easy-to-manage devices.

To use it, simply turn it on and place the electrodes on the victim's neck. An es col·loca under the clavicle on the right and on the other side on the left side. As a general rule, all devices see the position of each electrode indicated.

After the col·locació dels elèctrodes, the defibrillator will begin to analyze the victim's heart rate and will then indicate whether or not to administer a shock. It is important to remember that no one can touch the victim during the process. After applying the download, start Basic Vital Support (SVB). Then, every two minutes, the defibrillator will analyze the heart rate again, telling us if we should continue applying BLS or a discharge. These resuscitation techniques will help reverse cardiorespiratory arrest upon arrival of medical assistance.