How pollution affects our heart

Particles and gas contaminants have the greatest impact on our health

Relationship between contamination and cardiovascular diseases

How pollution affects our heart

 

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), air pollution is the biggest environmental risk to health. In fact, it is related to multiple respiratory pathologies, cardiovascular diseases and all lung cancer.

Particles and gas pollutants have the greatest impact on our health as a result of the use of fossil fuels, the emissions of chemical composts from factories and the sludge. Some of the polluting agents most present in the air are suspended particles, carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons and ozone.

How does air pollution affect our cardiovascular health?

Air pollution is especially harmful to our cardiovascular health. Polluting particles in the air can quickly pass from our lungs to our bloodstream, causing significant damage to arteries.

In most cases, the wall of the arteries, the vasodilatory capacity decreases, increases the accumulation of blood and favors blood coagulation. Això increases the risk of thrombotic accidents and infarctions.

Environmental pollution also favors the development of heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmias or cardiocirculatory arrests. Furthermore, according to the WHO, 80% of deaths caused by air pollution are due to stroke and coronary heart disease.

Children, the elderly and people who suffer from respiratory illnesses, heart problems, or who have more cardiovascular risk, are the ones who are more likely to be affected by air pollution.

Prevention measures to reduce air pollution

We know that pollution is a problem in most countries. For this reason, it is fundamental to take the necessary measures to help protect the environment and our health. The solution is to reduce traffic to cities, promote the use of public transportation and apply policies that help regulate pollution control.

In the case of indoor air pollution, the WHO recommends replacing solid fuel with other cleaners and installing more efficient ventilation systems or devices. All of these measures, taken together, can significantly reduce the contaminants present in the air and the effects of global descaling.

Remember that if you are part of the risk population group, you must follow the recommendations of the country and avoid countries with pollution levels higher than the recommendations. The WHO considers harmful those spaces that exceed between 25 and 30 micrograms of harmful particles per cubic meter.