Symptoms of heart pathologies

Symptoms of cardiovascular diseases

Symptoms of heart problems

Warning symptoms of heart conditions

 

Cardiovascular diseases are diseases of the heart and blood vessels, with different risk factors that determine the predisposition to suffer a serious cardiovascular disease.

The main cardiovascular diseases are coronary heart disease, associated with atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) through a study affirms that cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in the world. Every year more people die from cardiovascular diseases than from other pathologies.

Heart disease has increased by 41% in the last two decades, giving rise to 18 million deaths a year from heart disease. Also highlight congenital heart disease and deep vein thrombosis.

The warning symptoms of heart problems can be various, however, all of them will always be related to the heart, which is responsible for pumping the blood that carries oxygen to the brain and organs.

The causes of suffering from heart disease are multiple, among the most common diseases highlight arrhythmias, heart attacks, heart muscle and valve diseases, congenital heart disease or narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries.

 

electrocardiogram cardiac arrhythmia

 

Factors such as high cholesterol, hypertension or diabetes greatly increase the risk of developing heart disease, so going to the cardiologist on a regular basis ensures control and monitoring of the health of our heart.

Most common symptoms of heart disease

It is important to know that heart disease develops over time and silently. That is, we can feel the symptoms long before we have problems or even not realize it.

Some of the most common signs that could indicate that we suffer from a heart problem are the following:

  1. Difficulty breathing: This is a symptom of heart failure and occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood as it should. In these cases, blood can pool in the veins that go to the lungs, causing difficulty breathing.
  2. Coughing or wheezing:  Long-term coughing can also be a sign that fluid is building up in the lungs, also increasing shortness of breath.
  3. Swelling of legs, ankles and feet (edema): Blood flow slows and backs up in the leg veins, causing fluid to accumulate in these tissues.
  4. Chest pain: We are talking about angina pectoris, one of the most common heart diseases. It usually occurs when the heart does not receive enough blood or oxygen. The type of pain can vary from person to person.
  5.  Fast or irregular heartbeat: When the heart can't pump blood properly, it often beats faster to try to keep up, causing palpitations. A fast or irregular rhythm can also be a symptom of an arrhythmia.


The most common heart diseases


As we have mentioned before, the warning symptoms of heart problems can be many. Finally, all of them are a preview of possible heart disease that may be developing in the body.

 

Recognition of the heart, cardiology prevention cardiovascular diseases

 

Heart disease causes millions of deaths a year, especially in the United States, and is the leading cause of death from disease. These are some of the most frequent:

  1. Angina pectoris: Hen/Stag angina pectoris They cause chest pain and can be classified into two types: stable and unstable. In the first, the person feels pain when performing physical exercise, and in the second, the pain appears longer and unexpectedly, when at rest.
  2. Arrhythmia: This is one of the most common diseases and consists of an irregular heartbeat, when the electrical impulses that regulate the heart rate do not work properly.
  3. Myocardial infarction: It appears violently and is a disease caused by the deterioration and obstruction of the arteries of the heart.
  4. Hypertension: This disease is based on elevated blood pressure levels and can cause a multitude of medical conditions, such as strokes or kidney failure.


Take care of your cardiovascular health


Taking care of cardiovascular health to prevent heart problems
 in the long term it is essential. With age, heart disease can increase, which is why it is recommended to take a series of measures that help lead a healthy lifestyle.

  1. Integrate a balance diet and healthy in our habits allows us to control weight, something essential to prevent heart problems derived from high cholesterol, triglycerides or diabetes. Being overweight or obese are two very common causes of heart disease.
  2. El consumption of alcoholic beverages or tobacco they can increase blood pressure thus increasing the risk of heart attack or stroke.
  3. Practice physical exercise It is also another of the habits that are essential to reduce risk, since thanks to this circulation is stimulated and helps to balance cholesterol levels and lower blood pressure.

If you think you may have any symptoms, we strongly recommend that you go to your medical center and consult with your GP about any signs or ailments you may have.