Recommendations during heat waves

Recommendations heat waves

Recommendations during heat waves

 

High temperatures and summer excesses can affect our cardiovascular health. For this reason, it is important to take precautions, especially those people who have higher risk factors.

In the hottest seasons the circulatory system can be affected, since due to sweat the body loses more fluids than usual. In addition, vasodilation may occur in the arterial system, which can cause slower circulation.

The main causes of mortality during heat waves are related to cardiovascular diseases. In addition, during the summer months, the chances of dehydration increase, which accentuates the cardiovascular risk in people who are more prone to circulatory problems.

Protect your cardiovascular health this summer

 Keys to protect our heart in summer

So that you and your loved ones can enjoy the summer without worries, here are some guidelines and recommendations to prevent the effects of high temperatures on cardiovascular health.

  • Drink water frequently, even if you don't feel thirsty, to prevent dehydration (minimum 2 liters a day).
  • Do not abuse alcoholic beverages, with a lot of caffeine or with a lot of sugar, since they favor dehydration. In addition, excessive alcohol consumption can cause heart rhythm disorders and acceleration, which is known as 'holiday heart syndrome'.
  • Avoid copious meals and opt for lighter recipes that help replenish the mineral salts lost through sweat. The gazpacho, the seasonal fruit and the salads are dishes that cannot be missing.
  • Avoid going outside in the hottest hours and always protect yourself from the sun. Remember that it is important to always wear sunscreen to avoid burns, sunstroke, sun spots or more serious injuries.
  • Stay for as long as possible in cool places or in the shade.
  • Do not make too much effort or outdoor sports activities in the hottest hours.
  • Wear light, breathable and light-colored clothing, always appropriate to the weather and the level of activity that is going to be carried out.
  • Wear a cap that preferably covers the ears to protect us from the sun.
  • Avoid sudden temperature changes.

Remember that some people are more vulnerable to high temperatures and are more prone to dehydration. Children under 5 years of age, the elderly, the chronically ill and patients with cardiovascular problems are the main risk groups.

In the event of an emergency, whether due to heat stroke or dehydration, it is essential to ask for help, go to the doctor or call the 112 emergency telephone number directly.