What are cardiovascular problems?

What are cardiovascular problems?

What are cardiovascular problems?


The cardiovascular problems They are a broad term that encompasses those problems related to the heart. The main consequence derives from the accumulation of fat and cholesterol that accumulates on the walls of the blood vessels, which is called license plate.

This clogging of the arteries causes a reduction in the amount of blood that the heart receives, forcing the heart to work harder. In most cases, these cardiovascular problems present without pain or obvious symptoms, which is why they often cannot be treated.

The consequence of them can lead to more serious general problems such as a heart attack, a stroke or even irreversible damage to the kidneys.

The cardiovascular problems They are one of the leading causes of death in the world. It is estimated that approximately 30% of the deaths registered in 2012 were the result of these problems, especially in reference to coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents.


Types of cardiovascular problems


There are multiple types of cardiovascular problems, below we offer you a list with the main conditions so that you know their description and symptoms.

Coronary cardiopathy

La Coronary cardiopathy It is one of the most common cardiovascular problems. This heart disease happens when plaque builds up in the arteries that lead to the heart. The more the arteries narrow, the less blood and oxygen the heart receives, this obstruction can cause a heart attack.

Heart failure

La heart failure It occurs when the myocardium becomes stiff or weak and, as a consequence, cannot pump enough blood with oxygen, affecting the whole body in general.

This cardiovascular problem can occur on the right or left side of the heart, even if both sides feel affected simultaneously. High blood pressure is one of the main causes of heart failure.


Hen/Stag arrhythmias They are generated as a consequence of a dysfunction in the heart rate or heart rhythm, this can be produced when the electrical system of the heart does not work correctly and the heart can perform its palpitations or too fast or too slow, irregularly.

Heart valve diseases

Hen/Stag diseases of the heart valves They occur when these valves do not work correctly. Blood flowing through these tubes may leak through the valve in the wrong direction, or it may not be open enough and block blood flow.

The most common symptom of this cardiovascular problem is feeling an unusual heartbeat, known as a heart murmur. Its detection is easy, since it produces a hissing or screeching noise that is heard during the heartbeat. This noise is caused by uneven blood flow that occurs in the heart valves.


La hypertension is a known disease that is caused by a disorder in which the blood vessels have high blood pressure. This produces that every time the heart generates a beat, it pumps blood to all parts of the body, with the difference that the higher the blood pressure, the greater the effort the heart has to make to pump the blood.

Most people with hypertension do not have any symptoms, or on the contrary, it can manifest with headaches, shortness of breath, feeling dizzy and/or chest pain.

Hypertension is the most important preventable cause in terms of cardiovascular diseases, since the greater this tension, the greater the risk of damaging organs such as the heart, kidneys or brain.

cerebrovascular accidents

The cerebrovascular accidents They occur when blood flow to a part of the brain stops. This period of time lasts a few seconds, but despite this, the brain cannot receive the nutrients or oxygen necessary for its proper functioning. They occur when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures, causing bleeding inside the head.

People who have a increased risk Suffering this type of accident are those who have heart disease, people who have a lifestyle that includes bad habits such as tobacco use or excess alcohol, women who take birth control pills or women who take hormone replacement therapy.

From Neosalus We offer products that help cover certain situations caused by cardiovascular problems. Correct use of defibrillation devices in times of emergency can help save lives.

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