What is a pediatric defibrillator?

pediatric defibrillators

What is a pediatric defibrillator?


The pediatric defibrillators are devices capable of delivering an electrical shock to the heart through the chest wall. They have integrated sensors that are responsible for analyzing the person's heart rhythm to determine when defibrillation is necessary and administer the shock at the right power and time.

These devices have the ability to restore heart rhythm normal to a patient who has just suffered a heart attack. It should be taken into account that approximately between 500 and 1000 deaths of people a day are estimated due to a heart attack, therefore it is important not only that health workers have the necessary training but also that ordinary people do so, thanks to this many lives could be saved.


How do pediatric defibrillators work?

The pediatric defibrillators They have the same operation as those used for adults, however, their use is recommended for children over 8 years of age. It is also possible to use an adult machine with pediatric patches in children under 8 years of age.

First of all, you should start with mouth to mouth and cardiac massage, in the event that the child begins to breathe, put the child on his side and remove the patches to connect them. It must be ensured that the patches are connected to the machine. Then, once the patches are placed on the child, the instructions given by the defibrillator must be followed: remove the paper that protects the patches and place them on the upper right part of the child's chest and another on the lower left part.


Pediatric defibrillators, everything you need to know


Before starting the discharge, it is recommended to move away from the child to make sure that you do not receive any type of current. The defibrillator will analyze the heart of the affected child and based on this, it will determine the moment and the power of the discharge. It is always advisable to listen carefully to the voice messages that the machine is giving to know at all times what resuscitation process it is in.


How to know if the download is recommended?


In the event that the download must be carried out, the machine will begin to charge, so it is recommended that no one is touching the child. Once the patches have been placed, you have to press the button when the machine indicates it.

Cardiac massages and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation should be continued until the machine tells you to stop. It will be the machine itself that constantly analyzes the child's situation to evaluate it.

If the same machine indicates that the discharge is not recommended, you should continue with mouth-to-mouth breathing and cardiac massages until the machine tells you to stop.


Characteristics of pediatric defibrillators


La main characteristic of pediatric patches are the size of the patches, the recommended measures for children are 4,5 cm in diameter for children who weigh less than 10 kg and those of 8 to 12 cm in diameter correspond to those who weigh more than 10 kg.

For those cases in which the child is under 8 years of age, the use of defibrillators with an energy dose attenuator is recommended, to be more sure that the discharge reaches the child correctly.

It should be taken into account that most defibrillators come with adult pads pre-connected to the machine, however, there are some models that have a separate switch that indicates the Adult/Pediatric mode, which causes the console to attenuate the energy for discharge.


Patches for pediatric defibrillators


The modalities of use will depend on the weight and age of the child. For infants under one year of age, the use of energy attenuators is acceptable if an alternative is not available. In children from 1 to 8 years old, the pediatric patches will be used and, if they are not available, the adult patch will be used. Finally, in children older than 8 years, depending on their weight, it is already possible to use an AED with adult patches.

From Neosalus We have multiple models of defibrillators adapted to all needs. If you want to know more, contact us or visit our website by clicking here.