What is an automated external defibrillator?

Samaritan PAD 360P Automated External Defibrillators

What is an automated external defibrillator?


Un automatic defibrillator It is a cardioprotection device that saves lives. It is increasingly important to know how they work, as they help to intervene in emergency situations. These medical equipment are portable and lightweight and administer electric shocks with which cardiorespiratory arrests are reversed automatically.

Automatic external defibrillator, everything you need to know

These electro medical equipment when they detect a heart rhythm that requires an electric shock, they execute it automatically before warning with voice instructions. These discharges must be carried out through the chest wall, they have sensors integrated into the patches that are responsible for analyzing the heart rhythm as well as establishing when defibrillation is necessary and the level that should be applied.

Automatic defibrillators can be used by unauthorized medical personnel since it is a very simple device that indicates the steps to follow by voice. However, it is important to have some basic notions regarding its use.

What is a defibrillator for?

In Spain it is estimated that a sudden death occurs every 20 minutes, therefore, it is important that both public and private companies have defibrillators to be able to act in an emergency. These devices are essential in the chain of survival to reverse a cardiorespiratory arrest.

The defibrillators are used to restore a malignant arrhythmia in a patient who has just suffered a heart attack. Its electrodes allow you to analyze the person's heart rhythm and, based on this, it will administer one shock or another to restore it and return it to normal.

How do automatic defibrillators work?

The defibrillators have a simple operation allowing anyone to use them without the need for prior training. However, it is recommended to take a Basic Life Support first aid course to learn how to use AEDs and increase the victim's chance of survival.

Automatic defibrillators analyze and restore the patient's heart rhythm through adhesive electrode patches. The defibrillator's computer issues a warning to the operator about the possible discharge.

Once it is in the CPR position (looking up), the AED is connected to the victim by means of adhesive electrodes placed according to the indications found inside the defibrillator cover once we open it. The device records the electrocardiogram and identifies the heart rhythms through the patches placed on the chest and the electric shock to the heart is achieved.

When to use an automatic defibrillator?

The automatic defibrillators they should be used on victims who are unconscious and not breathing or not breathing normally. These will give instructions by voice with messages referring to how and where the electrode patches should be applied to the patient. They will also inform us about the charge that will be applied.

It is important not to touch the victim while analyzing or discharging to prevent harm to the person offering help.

What pads to use?

Although all DEA are facing more for use in adults There are also pediatric paddles that modify the intensity of the discharge and adapt it for children. Adult electrodes can be started for children over 8 years of age.

It is also possible to use the electrodes for adults in children under 8 years of age, but they must be used differently from those indicated on the defibrillator, it is recommended to put one on the chest and the other on the back so that they do not come into contact.

Offer cardioprotection

The importance of have cardioprotected spaces is increasing, therefore, it is important that all organizations and spaces have a automatic defibrillator.

Sudden deaths happen suddenly and we never know when we may find ourselves facing one of them. These equipments are increasingly in demand, thus allowing cardioprotection to be offered in both public and private places.